Sinatra loved this bluesy ballad, and, for a third of a century, wherever he was playing around the planet, you could pretty much guarantee that this would be on the set list. The Dominican Republic, 1982:
This next song is a marvelous song written by two of the great songwriters, I speak of Harold Arlen and Mr Johnny Mercer. And they wrote many many wonderful songs together. This one is special to me...
I'm gonna love you
Like nobody's loved you
Come Rain Or Come Shine...
Music by Harold Arlen, words by Johnny Mercer ...with a bit of help from Mr Arlen. They were over at the composer's pad in Beverly Hills, and Arlen had played a phrase to Mercer - really just a repeated note that falls a major third and then rises a minor third. And almost immediately Mercer responded with:
I'm gonna love you
Like nobody's loved you...
And then he looked blankly at his composing partner - and Arlen said: "Come hell or high water?"
Mercer laughed. "Of course!"
And suddenly they had a song.
They wrote it for a 1946 Broadway show called St Louis Woman. Arlen and Mercer were a brilliant songwriting team who could do anything - except write musical plays. Arlen had some passable success on stage with other writers, from Yip Harburg to Truman Capote, and certainly Wizard Of Oz is one of Hollywood's great musical dramas. But Mercer simply had no capacity for writing to character or plot-point within a two-act play. He could do it within the confines of a song - there's plenty of character in "One For My Baby" and plenty of plot in "Laura" - but give him an actual libretto to work with and it all fell apart. And by 1946 the new school of Rodgers & Hammerstein musical play had made it even more difficult for those who were not, at heart, dramatists.
Aside from all that, St Louis Woman was not a happy ship. It was an all-black musical, based on Arna Bontemps' novel God Sends Sunday. MGM thought it would be a smash and not only backed it but loaned the producers a leading lady, Lena Horne. Then the NAACP denounced it for "roles that detract from the dignity of our race". So Lena Horne quit the production, and with a devastating parting shot: "St Louis Woman sets the Negro back one hundred years."
Nevertheless, a few good songs emerged from the rubble: Ruby Hill sang "Any Place I Hang My Hat Is A Home", which became a minor standard, and Miss Hill and Harold Nicholas (of the Nicholas Brothers) introduced "Come Rain Or Come Shine", which became a slightly more major one.
It's a 32-bar song, but not in conventional A-A-B-A eight-bar sections. Instead it has a four-bar main theme, repeated (with one modified note), then an eight-bar middle, back to the four-bar main theme, and a closing 12-bar extension of it. So you might diagram it as A-A-B-A-C. That's not the most unusual thing, not for Arlen. Some composers like their repeated notes, but Harold Arlen wasn't one of them. Yet, for this song he decided to use repeated notes, and then, having made that initial decision, decided further to pile up more repeated notes than almost anyone has ever done ever, certainly for any jazz standard. Right from the get-go:
I'm gon-na love you
Like no-bo-dy's loved you
That's 13 notes, all exactly the same. In the original key, 13 A naturals one after the other:
A A-A A A
A A-A-A A A
And then, having given us three notes ("or come shine") that aren't A, what does Arlen do next?
High as a mountain
And deep as a river
He's done it again:
A A A A-A
A C A A A-A
I don't know what that C's doing in there. A mistake by the copyist? Arlen returns for another parade of A naturals after the release on "You're gonna love me/Like nobody's loved me/Come rain..." and then for the next section:
More As? Oh, perish the thought:
Of course, it doesn't sound as boring as it looks because of the harmonic underpinning, the unsettled tonality shifting between major and minor. But still, you'd think it would be pretty tedious for a singer: "So whaddaya need from me?" "Just sound your A. And then sound it again. And again. I'm going out for a smoke. I'll be back before we get to that C on the second page." But as Sinatra's friend, the composer and musicologist Alec Wilder, would write:
It is a superb ballad which could never be so great unless the device of those repeated notes was the principal single element in the melody. The second section is without them, providing an essential contrast. The third and fourth sections continue to use them, interrupted twice by the most apt and satisfying octave drops.
They are immensely satisfying after all those repeats:
Days may be cloudy or sun-ny
We're in or we're out of the mo-ney...
Johnny Mercer may not have been a great musical dramatist for the Broadway stage, but he knew about what he called "mood" and that, once you got the mood of a song right, everything fell into place. "The thing about it is recognizing it when you think of it," he said. "You say, 'That's right for this tune.'" With "Come Rain Or Come Shine", "the right mood" was no more or less than "a really simple way of saying 'I love you' ...the way a guy in a saloon would feel it." And that "I'm gonna love you/Like nobody's loved you" fits the insistent drive of the tune. Notice too how the song has few rhymes, which would risk over-underlining all those repeated notes. In fact, Mercer doesn't rhyme at all until the release, when he slips in a triple:
I guess when you met me
It was just one of those things
But don't ever bet me
'Cause I'm gonna be true if you let me...
And then back to:
You're gonna love me
Like nobody's loved me
Come Rain Or Come Shine...
It was Arlen's joke - "Come hell or high water" - that led Mercer to his title. But he'd used a variant of it a couple of years earlier, in a movie song he wrote with Jerome Kern, "Dearly Beloved":
Nothing could save me,
Fate gave me a sign
I know that I'll be yours
Come shower or shine...
Actually, "Come rain or come shine" would have fit there, but in 1942 Mercer preferred alliteration. By 1946, he'd evidently decided to prioritize symmetry. Outside the show, "Come Rain Or Come Shine" attracted pop recordings by Helen Forrest and Dick Haymes, in a rather bland duet, and somewhat more successfully by Mercer's protĂ©gĂ© at Capitol Records, Margaret Whiting. It's a fine record, especially the end:
Days may be cloudy or sunny
We're in or we're out of the money
But I'm with you always
I'm with you rain or shine.
Years ago Miss Whiting told me that she was so carried away by the song that she sang that last word as "shi-i-ine". Mercer came charging through the studio door yelling, "What the hell do you think you're doing?" - with Arlen right on his heels saying, "No, no, leave it. That's how I should have written it."
Sinatra loved it from the moment he heard it, and sang it on the radio a few times in the late Forties. More remarkably, on May 27th 1950, he chose to perform it on his television debut - for a Bob Hope NBC special. It was a bad time for Frank and, ever after, he would credit that Hope guest-shot - the music and the comedy (he played Bing Crosby in one sketch) - as playing a crucial role in his eventual comeback: The entire industry was watching, he later told Ed Murrow, to see if he could "so to speak, get off the canvas". But, if that much was riding on it, why do a song he'd never recorded?
Perhaps because, in the spring of 1950, everything he did record he was faintly embarrassed by: Following the Bob Hope show, his next two Columbia sessions produced "Goodnight, Irene" (a folkie cash-in), "Dear Little Boy Of Mine" (a mawkish superannuated parlor ballad from the First World War), and "Life Is So Peculiar" (a surreal novelty for which he had no flair). "Come Rain Or Come Shine" represented at that point the career he'd like to have.
Why didn't he do it at Capitol? Well, he and Nelson Riddle had plenty of other fish to fry. But that meant Ray Charles had a straight shot at it on his 1959 album The Genius of Ray Charles. No argument on that title from Sinatra: he famously described Charles as "the only genius in our business". However, that '59 recording gave Ray rather than Frank the distinction of being the guy who revealed the possibilities of the song for male vocalists.
Two years later, Sinatra was wrapping up a busy first year at his own label, Reprise Records. He'd done an album with old friend Billy May, another with his Tommy Dorsey pal Sy Oliver, a swingin' set with a brand-new arranger Johnny Mandel... But what about the ballads? Why not try another new arranger - Don Costa?
"I believe I had something to do with that," said Sinatra's longtime pianist Bill Miller. "It was a toss-up between Costa and Gordon Jenkins. I had mentioned Don to Frank, you know, 'Frank, you've already recorded with Gordon. Take a shot with Don, it could be great.' As it turned out, it was."
Absolutely. The resulting album, Sinatra And Strings, is a magnificent piece of work with many stand-out tracks, including the verse of "Stardust" and the great swirling currents of "Yesterdays". These ballads aren't as torchy as Wee Small Hours, or as bleak as Where Are You? or as hopeless as Only The Lonely. As the title suggests, they're not thematically about anything more than the lushness of the string section. But "Rain Or Shine" has a slightly different texture from the others - romantic strings but with a hint of bluesiness Frank seems to have picked up from the Ray Charles version (along with the horns in the intro), and then, in the instrumental break, the gorgeous swank of that slow swing. By comparison with the rest of the arrangements, it's a strange combination of concert hall and saloon that Sinatra pulls together through the passion and sincerity of a powerful vocal.
On November 22nd 1961, at United Recorders in Hollywood, it was the first number up on what would be a busy session. And, after all those repeated notes, they moved straight on to the verse of "Night And Day" - and another bazillion repeated notes:
Like the beat-beat-beat of the tom-tom...
"Night And Day" and then "All Or Nothing At All", ballad treatments of two songs from the dawn of his career - and afterwards the A- and B-side of a single, a couple of Cahn & Van Heusen trifles scored by Nelson Riddle for to round out the evening. But that first song was the one he'd never stop singing - and more and more as his book of working arrangements shrank in his final years. Sometimes you got the feeling that if he'd had to pare the act down to one song, it would have been this one. Sometimes he near said as much: "One of the finest pieces of popular music ever written," he announced to a Vegas crowd in 1993. "I like this song," he told a Japanese audience in 1985, "almost more than any other song I have ever sung."
When he returned to the studio for the Duets album in 1993, "Rain Or Shine" was obviously going to be on the list - if only because the project wasn't much more sophisticated than getting the songs Frank was out singing night after night on stage down on tape and then editing some ghastly pop star du jour into half the lyric. Harold Arlen and Johnny Mercer got lucky: Their duet fell into the hands of Gloria Estefan, who has since made the inevitable standards album (so inevitable in her case that it's actually called The Standards Album) but who had never previously betrayed any instinct or feeling for this kind of music. For a then techno-dependent Latina dance diva, her voice blends very well with Sinatra's, and she's genuinely simpatico. Frank must have liked the result because the next time he was playing Miami they went out to dinner together.
Is it really, as Sinatra appeared to feel, the greatest song ever? I think it all goes back to Mercer's observation - that what matters in a song is "the mood". In this case, the mood - a declarative love song pledging you're in it for keeps whatever life throws at you - is just perfect for this singer, for the "Night And Day"/"All Or Nothing At All" Sinatra. The singer and his arranger must have been thrilled at the end of that 1961 session, and yet there would be no sequel to Sinatra And Strings. Throughout a career cut far too short, Don Costa scored a lot of kiddie-pop, from Paul Anka and Trini Lopez to Donny and Marie Osmond. There's no disgrace in that: some very gifted arrangers have a feel for it (Quincy Jones) and others don't (Nelson Riddle). So by the end of the Sixties Don Costa was Frank's go-to guy for the poppy stuff - sometimes spectacularly successfully, as with "My Way" and "New York, New York"; but often less so, on innumerable bits of soft-rock schlock that were beneath both of them. And so "Come Rain Or Come Shine" would never come again, rain or shine.
But a one-off masterpiece is still a masterpiece, as Don Costa understood. "Sinatra And Strings was and always will be the hallmark of my existence," he told Stan Britt in the Seventies. As for "Come Rain Or Come Shine", after hearing Sinatra sing it at Caesars Palace, Costa commented: "That's still the best chart I ever wrote." His vocalist knew it too, right to the end. And a decade after Costa's sudden death in 1983, Sinatra was still out there, rain or shine, good nights or bad - hell or high water, as Harold Arlen had said half-a-century earlier - and, having outlived composer, lyricist and arranger, still doing his best by all three of them:
We'll be happy together
And won't that be fine
Days may be cloudy or sunny
We're in or we're out of the money
But I'm with you always
I'm with you rain or shine...
Rain or shine...
The composer liked it. Sinatra sent a demo copy round to Harold Arlen with a handwritten note: "Play it loud!" That's still good advice.
~There's lots more Sinatra, Arlen and Mercer in Mark's Johnny Mercer centennial podcast: You can find Part One here, and Part Two here. You can read the stories behind more Sinatra songs in Mark Steyn's American Songbook, and Steyn's original 1998 obituary of Frank, "The Voice", can be found in the anthology Mark Steyn From Head To Toe. Personally autographed copies of both books are exclusively available from the SteynOnline bookstore.
~For an alternative Sinatra Hot 100, the Pundette is also counting down her Frank hit parade, and is up to Number 26, a Cole Porter classic that's easy to love. The Evil Blogger Lady offers Frank and a little Porgy and Bess. And Bob Belvedere over at The Camp Of The Saints, having galloped all the way up to Number One of his Top 100 Sinatra tracks, has moved straight on to his Top Ten Sinatra albums.
12) THE CONTINENTAL
13) ALL OF ME
15) NIGHT AND DAY
16) I WON'T DANCE
24) OUR LOVE
27) FOOLS RUSH IN
32) I'LL BE AROUND
38) SOMETHIN' STUPID
42) THE COFFEE SONG
44) HOW ABOUT YOU?
46) LUCK BE A LADY
49) I HAVE DREAMED
52) YOUNG AT HEART
57) THE TENDER TRAP
60) EBB TIDE
61) COME FLY WITH ME
62) ANGEL EYES
63) JUST IN TIME
65) NICE 'N' EASY
66) OL' MACDONALD
68) AUTUMN LEAVES